Adderall® is the brand name of a drug designed to combat Attention Deficit Hyper Activity Disorder (ADHD) and Narcolepsy. ADHD is a chronic disorder, most often diagnosed in school age children, which presents itself as a variety of symptoms, specifically inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsiveness. Recently however, there has been a recent rise in adult diagnosis of ADHD and subsequently a rise in Adderall addiction. Boys are four times more likely to be diagnosed with ADHD than girls. Narcolepsy is defined as chronic daytime sleepiness and extreme fatigue. Narcoleptics experience periods of extreme sleepiness for 3-4 hours during the day, followed by a short, unplanned, nap, or sleep attack, which leaves the person feeling refreshed and alert.
How Does Adderall Work? The combination of stimulants in Adderall (amphetamines and dextroamphetamine) work together to restore the balance of natural neurotransmitters in the brain. It increases the levels and the amounts of dopamine and norepinephrine in the brain, which create temporary improvements in mental or physical functions. Adderall is available as an instant release (IR) tablet or Extended Release (ER) caplet.
Side effects of Adderall Addiction
Since it is a stimulant, Adderall may lead to an increase in blood pressure. Increased blood pressure may increase a user’s risk of sudden death, heart attack, or stroke. The drug may temporarily decrease growth in children, although it appears normal growth resumes after drug therapy is stopped. It can also decrease appetite, which may lead to an excessive or unwanted weight loss. Adderall use during pregnancy should be closely monitored, as studies indicate some long-term neurological changes in the fetus. Some patients may experience extreme side effects but, they are not limited to:
Abuse: Adderall is one of the most prescribed drugs in the United States today. It is easily obtained without a prescription from friends and relatives and it can often be ordered on-line, without a prescription. There is no specific test for ADHD, so doctors use a level of “impairment” as the threshold for an ADHD diagnosis and subsequent prescription. Patients wishing to receive an Adderall prescription can easily manipulate the system to get the drug.
A study conducted in a report dated October 2016 noted that number of US College Students abuse Adderall range between 13 – 23%, approximating around 17% on average. Sometimes called the “study drug”, students take it to remain focused and achieve a higher level of extended concentration. Adderall is also used as a party drug, because it contains dextroamphetamine, which may increase confidence, mood, and libido. For a faster high, illegally obtained Adderall is often snorted, smoked or injected.
Conclusion: Adderall is a widely prescribed stimulant that increases Dopamine levels in the brain which can leads to dependence typically associated with over desensitization. Abruptly stopping Adderall treatment may lead to extreme fatigue, insomnia, irritability, and depression. Most physicians recommend a gradual cessation of treatment in order to minimize withdrawal symptoms.
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